Plaintext protocols (like HTTP, FTP, SNMP, SMTP) are widely used within organizations. Being able to capture and parse that traffic could offer attackers valuable information like sensitive files, passwords or hashes. There are many ways an attacker can obtain a man-in-the-middle position, ARP poisoning being the most common and effective one.
Once network traffic is hijacked and goes through an attacker-controlled equipement, valuable information can searched through captured (with tcpdump, tshark or wireshark) or through live traffic.
PCredz (Python) is a good example and allows extraction of credit card numbers, NTLM (DCE-RPC, HTTP, SQL, LDAP, etc), Kerberos (AS-REQ Pre-Auth etype 23), HTTP Basic, SNMP, POP, SMTP, FTP, IMAP, etc from a pcap file or from a live interface.
# extract credentials from a pcap file
Pcredz -f "file-to-parse.pcap"
# extract credentials from all pcap files in a folder
Pcredz -d "/path/to/pcaps/"
# extract credentials from a live packet capture on a network interface
Pcredz -i $INTERFACE -v
GitHub - lgandx/PCredz: This tool extracts Credit card numbers, NTLM(DCE-RPC, HTTP, SQL, LDAP, etc), Kerberos (AS-REQ Pre-Auth etype 23), HTTP Basic, SNMP, POP, SMTP, FTP, IMAP, etc from a pcap file or from a live interface.