In the physical world, “living off the land” simply means to survive only by the resources that you can harvest from the natural land. There may be multiple reasons for doing this — perhaps you want to get “off the grid,” or maybe you have something or someone to hide from. Or maybe you just like the challenge of being self-sufficient.
dircan be used to make the machine access a remote resource, hence making it authenticate. This leads to an outgoing traffic using SMB.
\\$ATTACKER_IP\something) in the research bar. This leads to an outgoing traffic using SMB.
http://$IP:$PORT/something) in the research bar. This technique is rarely used as it can pop up a prompt. This leads to an outgoing traffic using HTTP.
Shortcuts with the .lnk extension have a lot of beneficial properties when it comes to stealth; they are an exception from the Windows setting to show or hide file extensions. Even when “hide known file extensions” is disabled, explorer.exe will only show the name, allowing us to let it end in “.jpeg”. A major downside is that they only allow 1024 characters for the whole command they execute. (source)